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Molecular evidence for suppression of swimming behavior and reproducti…

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작성자 관리자 댓글 0건 조회 942회 작성일 22-10-06 14:05


IF 7.001

Molecular evidence for suppression of swimming behavior and reproduction in the estuarine rotifer Brachionus koreanus in response to COVID-19 disinfectants



The increased use of disinfectants due to the spread of the novel coronavirus infection (e.g. COVID-19) has caused burden in the environment but knowledge on its ecotoxicological impact on the estuary environment is limited. Here we report in vivo and molecular endpoints that we used to assess the effects of chloroxylenol (PCMX) and benzalkonium chloride (BAC), which are ingredients in liquid handwash, dish soap products, and sanitizers used by consumers and healthcare workers on the estuarine rotifer Brachionus koreanus. PCMX and BAC significantly affected the life table parameters of B. koreanus. These chemicals modulated the activities of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase and catalase and increased reactive oxygen species even at low concentrations. Also, PCMX and BAC caused alterations in the swimming speed and rotation rate of B. koreanus. Furthermore, an RNA-seq-based ingenuity pathway analysis showed that PCMX affected several signaling pathways, allowing us to predict that a low concentration of PCMX will have deleterious effects on B. koreanus. The neurotoxic and mitochondrial dysfunction event scenario induced by PCMX reflects the underlying molecular mechanisms by which PCMX produces outcomes deleterious to aquatic organisms.


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