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Paper name
Protective Role of Freshwater and Marine Rotifer Glutathione S-Transferase Sigma and Omega Isoforms Transformed into Heavy Metal-Exposed Escherichia coli
Journal name
Environ. Sci. Technol
Professor name
Jae-Seong Lee
2019-07-04 09:31 written by admin (2020-02-26 18:00 Modify)
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Abstract

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) play an important role in phase II of detoxification to protect cells in response to oxidative stress generated by exogenous toxicants. Despite their important role in defense, studies on invertebrate GSTs have mainly focused on identification and characterization. Here, we isolated omega and sigma classes of GSTs from the freshwater rotifer Brachionus calyciflorus and the marine rotifer Brachionus koreanus and explored their antioxidant function in response to metal-induced oxidative stress. The recombinant Bc- and Bk-GSTs were successfully transformed and expressed in Escherichia coli. Their antioxidant potential was characterized by measuring kinetic properties and enzymatic activity in response to pH, temperature, and chemical inhibitor. In addition, a disk diffusion assay, reactive oxygen species assay, and morphological analysis revealed that GST transformed into E. coli significantly protected cells from oxidative stress induced by H2O2 and metals (Hg, Cd, Cu, and Zn). Stronger antioxidant activity was exhibited by GST-S compared to GST-O in both rotifers, suggesting that GST-S plays a prominent function as an antioxidant defense mechanism in Brachionus spp. Overall, our study clearly shows the antioxidant role of Bk- and Bc-GSTs in E. coli and provides a greater understanding of GST class-specific and interspecific detoxification in rotifer Brachionus spp.

 

https://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.est.9b01460

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