페이지 정보작성자 관리자 댓글 0건 조회 220회 작성일 14-04-07 03:04
Suppressors of cytokine signaling (SOCS) are known as negative regulators of cytokine- and growth factor–induced signal transduction. Recently they have emerged as multifunctional proteins with regulatory roles in inflammation, autoimmunity, and cancer. We have recently reported that SOCS1 has antiapoptotic functions against the TNF-α– and the hydrogen peroxide–induced T cell apoptosis through the induction of thioredoxin, which protects protein tyrosine phosphatases and attenuates Jaks. In this study, we report that SOCS, on the contrary, promote death receptor Fas-mediated T cell apoptosis. The proapoptotic effect of SOCS1 was manifested with increases in Fas-induced caspase-8 activation, truncated Bid production, and mitochondrial dysfunctions. Both caspase-8 inhibitor c-Flip and mitochondrial antiapoptotic factor Bfl-1 were significantly reduced by SOCS1. These proapoptotic responses were not associated with changes in Jak or p38/Jnk activities but were accompanied with downregulation of NF-κB and NF-κB–dependent reporter gene expression. Indeed, p65 degradation via ubiquitination was accelerated in SOCS1 overexpressing cells, whereas it was attenuated in SOCS1 knockdown cells. With high NF-κB levels, the SOCS1-ablated cells displayed resistance against Fas-induced apoptosis, which was abrogated upon siBfl-1 transfection. The results indicate that the suppression of NF-κB–dependent induction of prosurvival factors, such as Bfl-1 and c-Flip, may serve as a mechanism for SOCS action to promote Fas-mediated T cell apoptosis. SOCS3 exhibited a similar proapoptotic function. Because both SOCS1 and SOCS3 are induced upon TCR stimulation, SOCS would play a role in activation-induced cell death by sensitizing activated T cells toward Fas-mediated apoptosis to maintain T cell homeostasis.
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